Age: average (the mean): 43
Education: 84% college educated
Work experience: mean = 21.4 years in the workplace, mean = 6.7 years for employer where bullying occurred.
Type of employer: 36% corporate; 31% government; 12% nonprofit orgs; 11% small business
What it could mean: Targets are predominantly 40-ish, educated and veteran employees, specifically people who have experience with the employer before the bullying interfered with their careers.
Duration of the bullying: mean = 23 months (men targets endured an average of 25.6 months and men bullies sustained 25.3 months of aggression)
What it could mean: Targets cannot be called thin-skinned. They stay for a long time working under conditions rational people would consider intolerable.
Gender of targets and who does the bullying. Most of the bullying is same-sex harassment (thus eligibility for claims of discrimination is elusive in most cases). Women targets are bullied 63% of the time by women bullies; men targets are bullied by men in 62% of cases.
How does the bullying end? The majority of WBI survey respondents (61%) reported that bullying was current and ongoing.
The survey respondents for whom the bullying has ended reported what made it stop:
- 37% of the Targets were fired or involuntarily terminated
- 33% of Targets quit (typically taking some form of constructive discharge)
- 17% of Targets transfer to another position with the same employer
- 4% of Bullies stopped bullying after punishment or sanctions
- 9% of Bullies were transferred or terminated
From: Workplace Bullying Institute